Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition that occurs when the median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the hand, becomes compressed or pinched as it passes through the carpal tunnel in the wrist. This compression can cause symptoms such as numbness, tingling, and pain in the hand and wrist.
The first reported case of carpal tunnel syndrome was described in the medical literature in 1854 by a French surgeon named Paul Jacques Malgaigne. In this case, Malgaigne described a patient who had symptoms of numbness and weakness in the hand, which were relieved when the patient shook his hand.
The exact date of the first reported case is not known, as the syndrome was initially described as a set of symptoms rather than a distinct medical condition, and its recognition as a specific disorder evolved over time. However, the term “carpal tunnel syndrome” was first introduced in the medical literature in the 1930s, and the condition has since become widely recognized and studied by the medical community.